results presidential and parliamentary elections in
South Kurdistan 2009
Kurdistani List: 400,916 votes
Change List (Listi Gorran): 112,000 votes
Service and Improve List : 42,000 votes
Change List (Listi Gorran): 286,664 votes
Kurdistani List: 253,759 votes
Service and Improve List: 133,527 votes
Kurdistani List: 338,000 votes
Service and Improve List: 44,000 votes
Change List (Listi Gorran): 18,000 votes
Campaigning is underway in the Kurdish Region ahead of
elections for the Kurdish regional assembly on July 25.
Twenty four political groups, including five alliances,
have declared their participation in the election,
competing for 111 seats (11 reserved for ethnic and
religious minorities). In total, 507 candidates have
registered to compete in the elections and more than 2.5
million people have registered to vote.
KURDISH ELECTION LISTS
KURDISTANI LIST: number 54
The Kurdistani List is composed of the two main
political parties in the region: the Kurdistan
Democratic Party (KDP) led by Regional President Massoud
Barzani, and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) led
by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani.
The head of the Kurdistani list is Dr. Barham Saleh, a
PUK official and the current Iraqi deputy Prime
Minister. There is talk among KDP and PUK officials that
Saleh will be the next regional Prime Minister.
The PUK and KDP have been controlling the Kurdish Region
since 1991, prior to which they were the main forces of
rebellion against the regime of Saddam Hussein.
The Kurdistan list says it will preserve all the
political, economic and social achievements which the
region has gained since 1991.
The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP): Founded in
1946 under the leadership of Mullah Mustafa Barzani,
father of Massoud Barzani.
"The KDP's intent is that people in Kurdistan should
live with honour, peace, safety, freedom, and democracy
on our Kurdistan soil, our own soil which belongs to us.
This is our national aspiration" says the party. The KDP
says it is working for a strong Kurdish Regional
government and parliament. Although the KDP believes
that an independent state is a natural right of the
Kurdish people, it says it prefers to remain within a
federal, plural and democratic Iraq.
The KDP says the oil rich city of Kirkuk and other
disputed areas in northern Iraq belong to the Kurdish
Region and should be annexed accordingly. Although the
KDP believes that an independent state is a natural
right of the Kurdish people, it prefers to remain with a
Massoud Barzani is the current leader of the KDP; Fadhil
Mirani is the head of KDP politburo; Nechirvan Barzani
is a member of politburo and regional Prime Minister;
Hoshyar Zebari is a member of politburo and Iraqi
The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK): Founded
in June 1975, two months after the collapse of the
Kurdish rebellion of 1974-1975.
The PUK proclaims that it struggles for democracy,
freedom and equality and against dictatorship, war,
occupation, as well as national, class and religious
The PUK wants to attain the right of self-determination
for the people of Kurdistan and says it wants to
establish a democratically elected Kurdistan National
Assembly, which would be the highest power in Kurdistan.
The Assembly will be elected in free, direct, and secret
elections. The Executive authority of Kurdistan will be
elected and dissolved by the Kurdistan National
Assembly. The PUK says it will establish an independent
judiciary, not subordinate to any power except the law.
The PUK supports a federal region for Iraqi Kurdistan
calls for Kirkuk and other disputed areas should be
returned to the Region. The party facilitates the return
of Kurdish deportees to their original homes.
The current Iraqi President, Jalal Talabani, a former
student leader, lawyer, journalist and resistance
leader, has been Secretary General of the PUK since its
founding in 1975. Kosrat Rasul, the Kurdish Region?s
Vice-President is considered number two in the PUK; and
Dr. Barham Saleh, Iraq?s deputy Prime Minister is number
three in the PUK.
CHANGE LIST: number 57
The Change List is headed by
Nawshirwan Mustafa; a former PUK party leader who
left the party in December 2006 in protest at the lack
of internal reform.
The List is considered as one of the main lists in the
upcoming parliamentary elections and there is
expectation that those who are not happy with the PUK
and KDP will vote for the Change list.
Most of the leaders of the Change List are former
members of PUK. They say they are working to separate
the government from political parties and to create a
parliament which is not controlled by the political
bureaus of the political parties. They also want to
strengthen an independent, non-corrupt and just
judiciary. The Change List wants to limit political
interference in the regional economy and supports a more
The List believes that problems between Baghdad and the
Kurdish Region can be solved through dialogue on the
basis of the Iraqi constitution. Regarding the conflict
with Turkey, the Change List says that only a political
solution in Turkey can resolve the issue.
The List supports federalism for the Kurdish region.
Nawshirwan Mustafa heads the Change List. Born in 1944,
Mustafa is a prominent Kurdish politician and academic.
He was a co-founder of the PUK and deputy secretary
general until December 2006.
THE SERVICE AND REFORM LIST: number 59
The Service and Reform List is composed of four
political parties: the Kurdistan Islamic Union, the
Islamic Group of Kurdistan, the Kurdistan Socialist
Democratic Party and the Future Party.
The Service and Reform List says it will fight against
corruption in the Kurdish Region and will give women a
real role in regional life.
Kurdistan Islamic Union: Describes itself as "an
Islamic reformative political party that strives to
solve all political, social, economic and cultural
matters of the people in Kurdistan from an Islamic
perspective which can achieve the rights, general
freedom, and social justice.? The party secretary is
Salah al-Din Baha al-Din. The group is closely tied to
the Muslim Brotherhood.
Islamic Group of Kurdistan: Established by Ali
Bapir in May 2001. Bapir is a former member of the
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan.
Bapir says: "Our policy is that we enter into fraternity
and cooperation with all Islamic groups. We seek such
fraternal relations with Islamic parties and
organizations, Islamist figures, and groups that follow
a Salafi tradition or a Sufi or a scientific tradition.
In the Komele Islami, we believe that the group must be
open-minded and seek fraternity with all those who call
or act for Islam. If we see a mistake, we will try to
correct it through dialogue and by creating a fraternal
Local newspapers in the Kurdish Region say the Islamic
Group of Kurdistan has a strong relationship with Iran.
Bapir was imprisoned by American forces in July 2003 and
released in April 2005. The Americans accused him of
planning attacks on coalition forces, assisting
extremist Islamist group Ansar al Islam and maintaining
relations with Saddam Hussein?s government and with
The Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party (KSDK):
Led by Muhammad Haji Mahmud, the KSDK is a left-wing
nationalist party. The party has one seat in the Kurdish
Regional Parliament - Mahmud holds the seat.
Aynda (Future) Party: Led by Qadir Aziz, who
until recently was head of the Kurdistan Toiler Party (KTP).
Aziz was forced out of the party by the KTP central
bureau ?because he didn?t commit to the party?s internal
Aziz says the KDP and PUK have failed to return Kirkuk
and other disputed areas to the Kurdish Region.
THE KURDISTAN CONSERVATIVE PARTY LIST:
The Kurdistan Conservative Party List is led by Zaid
Surchi. The List represents tribal leaders and is
dominated by the Surchi family. In 1996 KDP forces
clashed with fighters from the Surchi family's home
villages, killing Hussein Surchi, Zaid's uncle. The PUK
supported the Conservative Party during the short-lived
conflict. The Surchi tribe is found in Erbil, Duhok and
THE ISLAMIC MOVEMENT OF KURDISTAN LIST:
The Islamic Movement of Kurdistan List was founded in
1979 by Shaykh Uthman Abdul-Aziz and several other Sunni
mullahs who were part of the non-political "Union of
Religious Scholars." The party's main support comes from
in and around that town of Halabja, which was bombed
with chemical weapons by Saddam Hussein. In regions
controlled by the Islamic Movement in Kurdistan, the
party has established its own infrastructure but has not
sought to apply Islamic (Sharia) law. The head of the
Party is Sidiq Abdul Aziz, but the head of the Islamic
Movement of Kurdistan List is Dr. Ahmed Warte.
The Islamic Movement of Kurdistan List says Islamic Law
must be the main source for the Kurdish Region?s
constitution. It also calls for greater government
SOCIAL JUSTICE AND FREEDOM LIST:
The Social Justice and Freedom List is composed of six
leftist parties: the Kurdistan Communist Party, the
Kurdistan Toilers Party, the Kurdistan Independent Work
Party, the Kurdistan pro-Democratic Party and the
Democratic Movement of Kurdistan People.
The list demands equal rights for men and women,
promises to solve housing problem and gives priority to
the rights for farmers. The list says it works for a
INDEPENDENT YOUTH LIST:
The Independent Youth List is headed by Hiwa Abdul-Karim
Aziz (known as Hiwa Fryad Ras), a 30 year old
journalist. The list consists of 10 people, made up of
lawyers, university teachers and journalists who promise
to make the Kurdistan Regional Parliament more active
and give more attention to youth issues.
KURDISTAN REFORM MOVEMENT:
The Kurdistan Reform Movement is headed by Abdul-Musawwar
al-Barzani, a cousin of the incumbent regional and KDP
president Massoud Barzani. Abdul-Musawwar al-Barzani
says he is against corruption and the list focuses on
human rights and rule of law.
The Progression List is headed by Halo Ibrahim Ahmed,
Iraqi President Jalal Talabani?s brother in law. Halo
Ibrahim is also a candidate in the presidential
The Progression List says it will work to improve the
standard of living of the Kurdish people and that its
candidates will resign from parliament after six months
if they do not fulfil their promises.
Ahmed, who has lived in Sweden and Britain, used to be a
PUK member but was dismissed last year for creating a
bloc inside the Union.
THE KURDISTAN DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL PARTY LIST:
The Kurdistan Democratic National Party List (YNDK) was
founded in 1995 with the aim of creating a Greater
Kurdistan including Kurds and territory from Iraq,
Turkey, Iran and Syria. YNDK worked closely with the
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the late 1990s. Today
the party remains hostile towards Turkish regional
policy but has moved away from the PKK to cooperate with
In this election, the party is campaigning to solve the
housing problem and also to work on youth and women?s
issues. Ghafur Makhmuri is the party?s general-secretary
and holds the party?s only seat in parliament.
KURDISTAN TOILERS AND WORKERS PARTY LIST:
The Kurdistan Toilers and Workers Party List proclaims
that it will work to improve justice and the rule of law
in the region. The Party has been working as an
organization for 14 years.
IRAQI CONSITUTIONAL PARTY:
The Party was founded by Iraqi Interior Minister, Jowad
Bolani, in 2005. Although Bolani officially stepped down
as party leader when he was named interior minister he
retains considerable power.
KURDISTAN BRIGHT FUTURE LIST:
The Kurdistan Bright Future List is led by Dr. Muhammad
Saleh Hama Faraj, who lived in exile in the UK from 1980
to 2008. Dr. Faraj says he works to separate government
from the political parties, strengthen an independent,
non-corrupt and just judiciary and that if he becomes a
member of parliament he will demand a rewriting of the
The Kurdish Parliament has set aside five seats for
the Turkmen community. Four Turkmen lists are competing
for these seats. (Turkmen only live in Erbil province.)
ERBIL TURKEMN LIST: This list is led by five
well-known Turkmen persons in Erbil: Sherdil Tahsin
Arsalan, Ta'fa Rostam Qasab, Thaura Saleh, Nafeh Rostam
and Ahtham Abdul Karim. The List wants Kirkuk to be part
of the Kurdish region and they are against Turkey's
interferes in Turkmen affairs.
TURKMEN REFORM LIST: This list is led by Abdul
Qadir Zangana and its main goal is to strengthen the
political role of the Turkmen. The list is against
TURKEMEN DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT IN KURDISTAN: The
party is headed by Karkhi Alti Barmak, who wants to
unite all Turkmen. The list wants Kirkuk to become part
of the Kurdish Region and is against Turkish
INDEPENDENT TURKMEN LIST: This list is headed by
Kanhan Shakir Aziz; the list says Turkmen are the
majority in Kirkuk and that it should be an independent
Five seats have also been set aside for the Christian
community. Four Christian lists are competing for these
UNIFIED CHALDEAN LIST: This list is composed of
the Chaldean Union Party and the Chaldean National
CHALDEAN SYRIAC ASSYRIAN AUTONOMY LIST
AL-RAFIDAIN LIST: This list is headed by Yunadam
Kanna, a member of the Iraqi Parliament. The list says
it works to employ Christians in the security forces in
the Kurdish region.
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHALDEAN SYRIAC ASSYRIANS:
Headed by Sarkis Aghajan Mamendo, an Iraqi Assyrian
politician who was appointed Minister for Finance and
Economy in the cabinet of Iraqi Kurdistan on 2006. The
List wants to unite all Christians in Iraq.
parliament has set aside one seat for the Armenian
community. There are about 200 Armenian families living
in Zakho, near the Turkish border in Duhok province.
Three people are competing for this seat: Aram Shahine
Dawood Bakoyan, Eshkhan Malkon Sargisyan and Aertex
The following tables show the results
of the parliamentary and presidential
votes by party and by presidential
candidate. The incomplete tables will be
edited after the results have been
published officially .
||Kurdistan Democratic Party
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
|Islamic Group of Kurdistan
|Kurdistan Toilers? Party